5th July 1948
  • The NHS is Launched – 94% of the public are enrolled with the NHS
  • Bevan, who created the NHS, resigns from the cabinet when it votes to bring charges for dental care, spectacles and prescriptions
  • DNA’s structure is unveiled by two Cambridge university scientists, James D Watson and Francis Crick, revolutionising the study of disease caused by defective genes
  • We establish the link between smoking and lung cancer. Daily hospital visits for children are introduced
  • Vaccinations for polio and diphtheria are introduced
  • The UK’s first kidney transplant is performed
  • The contraceptive pills becomes widely available. Initially only married women can get it, but that restriction is removed in 1967
  • First full hip replacement is carried out by Professor John Charnely
  • Parliament pass the Abortion Act, which legalises the ending of a pregnancy up to 28 weeks into the pregnancy. It does not extend to Northern Ireland, though. The legal time limit is lowered to 24 weeks in 1990
  • The Salmon Report is published
    It sets out recommendations for developing the nursing staff structure and the status of the profession in hospital management. The Cogwheel Report considers the organisation of doctors in hospitals and proposes speciality groupings. It also highlights the efforts being made to reduce the disadvantages of the three-part NHS structure – hospitals, general practice and local health authorities – acknowledging the complexity of the NHS and the importance of change to meet future needs.
  • The country’s first heart transplant is performed
  • British woman gives birth to sextuplets after fertility treatment
  • Computerised tomography (CT) scans, which convert data from x-rays of the inside of a human body into pictures on a monitor, come into use
  • Endorphins are discovered
  • The World’s first test-tube baby, is born on 25th July
  • The first successful bone marrow transplant on a child takes place
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans are introduced
  • The NHS perform Britain’s youngest liver transplant on patient
  • Launch of the first AIDS health campaign
  • The world’s first Heart, lung & liver transplant is performed
  • Breast cancer screening is introduced
  • The NHS Community Care Act is launched
  • First 57 NHS trusts established
  • NHS Organ Donor Register is set up. By 2005 more than 12 million have registered
  • NHS Direct is launched
  • NHS walk-in centres introduced
  • First successful gene therapy
  • Babies are now vaccinated against pneumococcal meningitis
  • NHS Bowel Cancer Screening programme is launched
  • Introduction of robotic arm leads to groundbreaking heart operations
  • Girls aged 12 & 13 are offered jabs to protect against the human papilloma virus, which causes most cases of cervical cancer
  • Change4Life is launched
  • UK’s first cochlear implant operation to give sound in both ears
  • Successful trial of an artificial pancreas
  • First man in the UK to receive an artificial plastic heart
  • London 2012 Olympic Games opening ceremony pays tribute to the NHS
    The opening ceremony of the 2012 Olympic Games takes place on the evening of July 27 2012 in the Olympic Stadium in London. Danny Boyle pays tribute to the NHS during the opening ceremony because universal healthcare, free and for everyone, is one of the core values of British society. The health service is featured as one of Britain’s proudest achievements. More than 600 real-life nurses and other healthcare workers join Boyle’s army of volunteers during the extravaganza.
  • First person in the UK to have a hand transplant
  • NHS 111 is introduced
  • World’s first liver is kept alive outside the human body and then is transplanted successfully
  • Simon Stevens, the chief executive of NHS England, publishes the NHS Five Year Forward View. It is a plan he and key NHS organisations draw up to help the service transform to tackle financial challenges and keep itself sustainable at a time of rising demand, caused mainly by the ageing population
  • The Commonwealth Fund declare that in comparison with the healthcare systems of 10 other countries (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the US) the NHS is the most impressive overall. The NHS is rated as the best system in terms of efficiency, effective care, safe care, co-ordinated care, patient-centred care and cost-related problems. It is also ranked second for equity.
  • Vanguards are introduced as part of the NHS five year forward view. The 50 chosen vanguards are tasked to develop new care models and potentially redesign the health and care system. It is envisaged that this could lead to better patient care, service access and a more simplified system.
  • NHS Improvement is founded
  • Gene breakthrough promises more personalised breast cancer treatment. The study looks at genetic mutations in people with breast cancer and finds 93 genes that, if mutated, can make normal tissue become cancerous. They also find 12 genetic patterns or “mutational signatures” associated with the disease. This landmark research paves the way for new and better treatments – as well as ways of preventing the disease ever occurring
  • The NHS celebrates it’s 70th anniversary

Sources: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/ https://www.nhs.uk/NHSEngland/ www.nhs.uk/news/genetics-and-stem-cells/

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